Guatemala is a country in which the State has been captured for decades by an alliance between business and organized crime, on the one hand, and the political class on the other, in a clear interconnection.
Homicides, which escalated dramatically during the Calderón administration and after a moderation in the first years of Peña Nieto’s term, increased again from 2016 onwards, reached an all-time high in 2019, in the AMLO administration, where they have remained.
What is legitimate and what is not? Should governments negotiate with terrorist and criminal networks to reduce crime and homicide? Both questions, and many others, arise under this theme. In terms of security and negotiations, there is a wide constellation of cases between states, insurgent groups, and guerrillas, but less so with terrorists or drug cartels.