Indigenous communities have been and are secondary actors with marginal presence in state institutions. Both in the case of elected and appointed positions, their presence is minimal and they rarely have access to local power.
Despite this democratizing transit that seeks to change the Constitution, it seems not only necessary, but imperative, to learn from our recent past. But it is not without significance that in the 21st century the distinctive characteristics of the State’s response are the use of violence and human rights violations.
In the plebiscite it was approved to change the constitution by means of a Constitutional Convention. However, no seats were reserved for indigenous peoples and discussion on the issue was again postponed. This represents the latest expressions of the State’s colonial relationship with the original peoples.